Choose the synonyms from the right column to the phrases given in the left one.

Choose the synonyms from the right column to the phrases given in the left one.

a) to found b) professional c) training d) a post-graduate course e) branch f) plant g) commercial h) to possess i) cafeteria j) tuition 1. canteen 2. a course of study 3. a graduate school 4. instruction 5. to have 6. enterprise 7. governance 8. trading 9. qualified 10. to set up

What would you say if you Choose the synonyms from the right column to the phrases given in the left one. took part in the following dialogue? Act it.

A.: When was the Belgorod University of Cooperation, Economy and Law founded?

B.: … .

A.: What faculties are there at the University?

B.: … .

A.: How many departments does the University have?

B.: … .

A.: How many students study at the University?

B.: … .

A.: What specialists Choose the synonyms from the right column to the phrases given in the left one. does the University train?

B.: … .

A.: What can you say about the University laboratories?

B.: … .

A.: Where can the students borrow literature for their studies?

B.: … .

A.: Are there any facilities for the students to go in for sports?

B.: … .

A.: What is the period of study at Choose the synonyms from the right column to the phrases given in the left one. the University?

Text 2. University Education

in Great Britain: “Oxbridge”

Active vocabulary to remember

to denote the medieval period staff fellows accommodation “tutorials” “supervisions” plague St Scholastica’s Day magnificent chapel – указывать на – средневековый период – сотрудники – коллеги – размещение – «наставники» – «методисты» – чума – Денек Св. Схоластики – прекрасная часовня

This name denotes the universities of Oxford Choose the synonyms from the right column to the phrases given in the left one. and Cambridge, both founded in the medieval period. They are federation of semi-independent colleges, each college having its own staff, known as “Fellows”. Most colleges have their own dining hall, library and chapel and contain enough accommodation for at least half of their students. The Fellows teach college students Choose the synonyms from the right column to the phrases given in the left one., either one-to-one or in very small groups (known as “tutorials*” in Oxford, and “supervisions” in Cambridge”. Before 1970 all Oxbridge colleges were single-sex (mostly men). Now the majority admit both sexes.

OXFORD

There has been a town where Oxford now stands for many centuries – even before Choose the synonyms from the right column to the phrases given in the left one. 912, the first written record of its existence. The University began to establish itself in the middle of the 12th century, and by 1300 there were already 1,500 students. At this time Oxford was a wealthy town, but by the middle of the 14th century it was poorer, because of a decline in Choose the synonyms from the right column to the phrases given in the left one. trade and because of the terrible plague, which killed many people in England. Relations between the students and the townspeople were very unfriendly, and there was often fighting in the streets. On 10th February 1355, the festival of St Scholastica, a battle began which lasted two days. Sixty-two students were Choose the synonyms from the right column to the phrases given in the left one. killed. The townspeople were punished for this in two ways: they had to walk through the town to attend a special service on every St Scholastica’s day until 1825. Worse than this, the University was given control of the town for nearly 600 years. Nowadays, there are about 12, 000 students Choose the synonyms from the right column to the phrases given in the left one. in Oxford, and the University and the town live happily side by side!

CAMBRIDGE

Cambridge must be one of the best-known towns in the world, and can be found on most tourists’ lists of places to visit. The principle reason for its fame is its University, which Choose the synonyms from the right column to the phrases given in the left one. started during the 13th century and grew steadily, until today there are more than twenty colleges.

Most of them allow visitors to enter the grounds and courtyards. The most popular place from which to view them is from the Backs, where the college grounds go down to the River Cam Choose the synonyms from the right column to the phrases given in the left one..

The oldest college is Peterhouse, which was founded in 1284, and most recent is Robinson College, which was opened in 1977. The most famous is probably King’s, because of its magnificent chapel. Its choir of boys and undergraduates is also very well known.

The university was exclusively for men until Choose the synonyms from the right column to the phrases given in the left one. 1871 when the first women’s college was opened. Another was opened two years later and a third in 1954. In the 1970s, most colleges opened their doors to both men and women. Almost all colleges are now mixed, but it will be many years before there are equal numbers Choose the synonyms from the right column to the phrases given in the left one. of both sexes.

Notes:

* tutorial – наставнический; tutorial system — институтская система обучения оковём прикрепления студентов к отдельным консультантам

Practice:

1. Write a word to each definition:

– university – accommodation

– college – visitor

– festival – popular

– trade – chapel

1) the act or an instance of buying and selling goods and services;

2) a place of Christian worship in a larger building, esp a Choose the synonyms from the right column to the phrases given in the left one. place set apart, with a separate altar, in a church or cathedral;

3) a day or period set aside for celebration or feasting, esp one of religious significance;

4) widely favoured or admired;

5) a person who pays a visit; caller, guest, tourist, etc;

6) a school or an institution providing specialized courses or teaching Choose the synonyms from the right column to the phrases given in the left one.; part of a university;

7) lodging or board and lodging;

8) an institution of higher education having authority to award bachelors' and higher degrees, usually having research facilities.


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